Year 2007


Dedicated to Nigeria's socio-political issues




October 3, 2007 - December 2, 2007



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Year 2007: The Ides of March



Adetunji Oyelami



culled from Guardian, January 24, 2005


"BEWARE the ides of March" was the warning given by the soothsayer when the plot to kill Julius Caesar was yet being hatched. Perhaps if Julius Caesar had listened to that soothsaying in Shakespeare's play and acted upon it, the play Julius Caesar could not have been dubbed a tragedy.

The time in Nigeria now is politically similar to that time in Rome during the lifetime of Julius Caesar in the country's public life. But instead of warning against the Ides of March, as in the Roman times of Julius Caesar, we can now probably say "Nigeria, Beware of the Ides of May 2007". This is more so as a lot of darkness seems to be shrouding the 2007 general elections with uncertainty, confusion and 'crucifixion'.

Some prophets are already sounding notes of warning which appear in the press " television, radio and newsprint. Even some private discussions among the people had been tapering towards the danger which is looming ahead in under three years from now. But unlike the Roman times of Julius Caesar, the Nigeria's looming danger does not need a soothsayer to predict. Ordinary Nigerians who have seen through the political and social developmental turmoil of the country, since independence in 1960, all through the decades from then to year 2000, would not fail to see the danger.

The mathematical 'twelve-two-thirds' solution to the first Presidential election in Nigeria in 1979 was probably not original to that publicly acknowledged exponent of the 'philosophy'. But it was that individual who first raised it in the public and the press. I am very much aware of some other people (the writer being one) who at their private dinner tables postulated that solution to the ding-dong result of that election especially at the time it had become clear that a political party had already won 12 of the 19 states of the Federation which was less in real term than the requirement of two thirds of the states as provided for in the constitution.

Some of us at one dinner table a few days before the joker was announced, had toyed with the idea of finding out if that party with 12 states in its pocket could muster just two thirds of the remaining 13 states which result was yet hanging in the balance, should be able to clinch the Presidency. Of course when the mathematical hypothesis was announced, the teeming thinkers of the subject matter remained silent even though they had thought about it much earlier.

In relationship with the 2007 presidential election no soothsayers or even prophets need predict the future of that exercise in transiting to the next Republic. In the first instance any student of contemporary history, which every literate Nigerian who has lived through the past 50-53 years of political experiments in Nigeria, can be described as, should be capable of predicting the year 2007 and its election problems with some exactitude.

Nigeria is not a single country or even a nationality. It is a conglomerate of cultural nationalities with few common features spanning through their boundaries. These nationalities are so different in culture and tradition that fusion under a single dispensation of centralisation can backfire. The experience of the last 50 years has borne this out. That is why even in our half a century of wedding or perhaps 'welding' together, we are still experimenting on living together as a nation.

It is not that the leaders at various times in the travails did/do not understand our problems or know the solutions, but that they all, invariably, wished to deceive the people into believing that we are a single nationality. All of them are selfish to the extent that they would rather be leader of a most corrupt incompetent and inefficient federalised nation than restrict to a restructuring of the country into smaller homogenous nationalities capable of being harmonised for maximum productivity as autonomous regions/zones in a loose federal structure, similar to what we had up to 1965 December.

Some attempt was made to assist in dividing the country into six geopolitical zones of: (a) North-West, North Central and North East, made up of the 19 states of the North, (b) South-West, South-South and South East made up of the 17 states of the South. It should be noted however that the old North and old South had 12 states between them in 1967, shared equally.

The above zonal structure was a reflection of the various attempts made over the years by political pundits, partly academic, social critics and the other well-meaning nationalists, who believe that Nigeria deserves peace and good government so as to take her leadership position in the comity of nations, especially in the continent of Africa. One would have thought that by the Divine guidance of God this zoning arrangements have provided a solution to the claim of governance of a truly federated state. The zoning formula acceptable to all political parties started being experimented upon as from the Second Republic when the zonal axis was drawn up for the Presidency as follows:

bullet1979 " Shagari as President from N/W had a Vice President, Ekwueme, from the S/E
bullet1999 - Obasanjo as President from S/W has a Vice President, Atiku, from the N/E
bulletIn 2007 - the President and vice president should come from the North (Central otherwise called the Middle Belt) and the South-South axis respectively.

If we can make the above proposition happen, in 2007 then there is hope that Nigeria may yet continue to live together in a federation. But even when that may assist peace, the present high level poverty, corruption and warped leadership in the country may make that hope a mirage.

As indicated in the book, Oyo State at Maturity Vol. 1 No. 1 " published by " Pen power Associates, in 2000 " the idea of a truly federal structure was postulated for the country, and I quote from page 14 of the book:
"The end of the civil war was significant in several ways. It emphasised and consolidated the federal structure of Nigeria.

Second, it showed the need for interdependence of the various ethnic groups in Nigeria. Third, in the eventual political joggling and haggling that followed the end of the war, Nigerians have learnt that dialogue could solve problems rather than war. It was, therefore, against the background of all these lessons, learnt the hard way, that successive Nigerian leaders have always made strenuous efforts to keep Nigeria as one nation".

Yet can Nigeria be run as a single unit under a strong federal structure presided over by a national who is alien to most of the other Nigerian nationalities but his own? We need to re-examine ourselves more critically. If this country continues to be governed the same way as she has of late been ruled, there may come a time when only the rich and not the best will be at the helms of affairs with the political baton being exchanged among the children of the rich. These days, political leaders are perpetuating themselves in governance with their families. We have heard of people who were not rich by inheritance or even though personal business efforts but by the government patronage now pushing their children into leadership saddles to the detriment of the other people in the society because the former have the money to do so. This is a very dangerous trend for the future, when the down-trodden masses may awake one day to challenge the rich few in absolute control and power.

If by 2007 this development is not halted or, at least reconsidered through some constitutional conference, sovereign or not, I am afraid the future may be bleak. We should not underrate the possibilities of the other side, the underdog of today, but part owners of yesterdays, being pushed to the wall and fighting back with their blood. God forbid. "Beware the Ides of 2007".


Dr. Oyelami retired as Registrar, University of Ife, now Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.


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